Bladder pain can result from inflammation, infection, damage or injury to the bladder. The symptoms may be constant or variable and may improve or worsen with movement. The pain may be described as sharp, dull, stabbing, burning or throbbing and can range in intensity from mild to severe. Continue reading
Known as “Endometriosis of the uterus”, Adenomyosis is benign and does not cause cancer. Most commonly, the disease affects the back wall (posterior side) of the uterus. The endometrial cells penetrate deep into the uterine muscle (myometrium). When this occurs, the uterus is enlarged usually more than twice the normal size and very hard. The disease may be localized with well-defined borders or diffuse, meaning having no limits or borders. When this localized disease is found it is called adenomyoma. These adenomyomas can be located at different depths of the uterine muscle and can penetrate into the uterine cavity, becoming submucosal tumors. Continue reading
Acute leukemia can be divided into two types, depending on the subtype of bone marrow cells affected. If immature cells that produce white blood cells, called lymphocytes, are affected, the leukemia is acute lymphoblastic or lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This form of leukemia can occur at all ages but is most common in children. With modern treatment programs, a high percentage of children and adults can be cured. Continue reading
The Pap test, also called a Pap smear or cervical cytology screening, checks for abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix and allows early treatment so that abnormal cells do not become cancer.
What causes abnormal Pap test results?
The main cause of abnormal Pap test results is infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many types of HPV. Some types have been linked to cancer of the cervix, vulva, and vagina. Other types have been linked to genital warts. Continue reading
Palliative care is an integral part of medicine. However, it is commonly misinterpreted by the public which includes the patients and their families. Unfortunately medical students and even doctors are also misled by the misconception about palliative care which further deteriorates the scenario. Most people come to know the term palliative care as merely a form of pain management given to those with an incurable disease. While this is true, palliative care is so much more than that. Continue reading