The Pap test, also called a Pap smear or cervical cytology screening, checks for abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix and allows early treatment so that abnormal cells do not become cancer.
What causes abnormal Pap test results?
The main cause of abnormal Pap test results is infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many types of HPV. Some types have been linked to cancer of the cervix, vulva, and vagina. Other types have been linked to genital warts. Continue reading →
Cervical cancer is one of the most common diseases among women globally. In Malaysia, it is the second most common cancer in women. In Singapore, more than 1 case of cervical cancer is diagnosed every 2 days and more than 1 woman dies of cervical cancer every week. It is evident that human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is associated with high risk of developing cervical cancer. But what can be done to prevent the development of the cancer? Continue reading →