Bronchial cancer is one of the most common causes of death. It is cancer that has two categoriesâ€”small cell bronchial cancer and non-small cell bronchial cancer. Small cell bronchial cancer happens to 20 percent of cases (mostly smokers) and the non-small cell bronchial cancer is comprised of carcinoma (large cell, squamous cell) and adenocarcinoma. Mesothelioma is a types of bronchial cancer that is very deadly. It grows in the surrounding tissue of your lungs. This type afflicts those exposed to insulation materials and asbestos, among others.