Four year old
- Head circumference is usually notÂ measured after age three.
- Requires approximately 1,700 caloriesÂ daily.
- Hearing acuity can be assessed byÂ Â child’s correct usage of sounds and *Language, also by the child’s appropriate responses to questions and instructions.
- Can recognize that certain wordsÂ sound similar
- Names eighteen to twenty uppercaseÂ letters. Writes several letters and sometimes their name.
- A few children are beginning to readÂ simple books, such as alphabet books with only a few words per page andÂ many pictures.
- Likes stories about how things growÂ and how things operate.
- Delights in wordplay, creating sillyÂ Language.
- Understands the concepts ofÂ “tallest,” “biggest,” “same,” and “more”; selects the picture that has the “most houses” or the “biggest dogs.”
- Rote counts to 20 or more.
- Understands the sequence of daily events: “When we get up in the morning, we get dressed, haveÂ breakfast, brush our teeth, and go to school.”
- When looking at pictures, canÂ recognize and identify missing puzzle parts (of person, car, animal).
- Very good storytellers.
- Counts 1 to 7 objects out loud, but not always in order
- follows two to three step directionsÂ given individually or in a group
- may put the “ed” on the end of words such as “I goed outside and I played.”
- Uses the prepositions “on,” “in,” and “under.”
- Uses possessives consistently:Â “hers,” “theirs,” “baby’s.”
- Answers “Whose?”,Â “Who?”, “Why?”, and “How many?”
- Produces elaborate sentenceÂ Â structures: “The cat ran under the house before I could see what Â Â Â Â color it was.”
- Speech is almost entirelyÂ intelligible.
- Begins to correctly use the pastÂ tense of verbs: “Mommy closed the door,” “Daddy went toÂ work.”
- Refers to activities, events,Â objects, and people that are not present.
- Changes tone of voice and sentenceÂ structure to adapt to listener’s level of under-standing: To baby brother,Â “Milk gone?” To Mother, “Did the baby drink all of hisÂ Â milk?”
- States first and last name, gender,Â Â siblings’ names, and sometimes own telephone number.
- Answers appropriately when asked what to do if tired, cold, or hungry. Recites and sings simple songs and Â Â Â Â rhymes.