Allergic colitis is a condition in infants that results from an immune response triggered by proteins in the diet. This immune response leads to a reaction in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Cow and soy milk proteins, as well as those in breast milk are the most common dietary proteins that cause this reaction in infants. Typically, babies with allergic colitis appear healthy and have normal, soft stools that contain flecks or streaks of blood. This small amount of bleeding does not usually cause problems; rarely babies may develop a low blood count (anemia). When other symptoms develop, such as fussiness (especially fussiness while passing stool), diarrhea, vomiting and failure to thrive, treatment is needed. The usual onset of allergic colitis is in the first 2 months of life but it also occurs in infants from 1 day to 6 months of age. Continue reading
During your baby’s first 3 months, breast milk or formula will provide all the nutrition needed.
But as your infant develops physically and mentally, the feeding process will evolve. In general, babies move toward consuming more milk during each feeding, so won’t need to feed as often and will sleep longer at night.
But there will be times during the next year — and, especially, in the first 3 months — when a growth spurt increases your baby’s appetite. Continue to feed on demand and increase the number of feedings as needed. Continue reading
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic disease in which food or liquid contents from the stomach (gastric contents) regurgitate as reflux to the esophagus. Some degree of back-flow of gastric or duodenal contents into the esophagus is normal in both adults and children but excessive reflux occurs due to incompetent lower esophageal sphincter (LES) or the opening from the esophagus going to the stomach. GERD can also be caused by pyloric stenosis, or motility disorder wherein the gastric emptying time of the stomach contents to the duodenum is slower than the normal. GERD can also be caused by impaired digestion and infection such as peptic ulcer. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can be transient or permanent in nature. Continue reading