Acute HIV infection or primary HIV infection (also known as “Acute seroconversion syndrome”) is the second stage of HIV infection. It occurs after the incubation stage, before the latency stage and the potential AIDS succeeding the latency stage. Continue reading
Years back, when you were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, it would instantly bring you to your knees because it meant that you had a very terminal disease. The feeling was much like that of having end-stage cancer wherein there was no hope of surviving. But as medical breakthroughs pushed through, new medications have enabled HIV/AIDS victims to have a very productive life. HIV/AIDS has already been transformed into a chronic illness now rather than maintaining the reputation of being a fatal or terminal one.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic disease in which food or liquid contents from the stomach (gastric contents) regurgitate as reflux to the esophagus. Some degree of back-flow of gastric or duodenal contents into the esophagus is normal in both adults and children but excessive reflux occurs due to incompetent lower esophageal sphincter (LES) or the opening from the esophagus going to the stomach. GERD can also be caused by pyloric stenosis, or motility disorder wherein the gastric emptying time of the stomach contents to the duodenum is slower than the normal. GERD can also be caused by impaired digestion and infection such as peptic ulcer. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can be transient or permanent in nature. Continue reading